Science in its broadest definition contains a wide range of disciplines. Social scientists seek to understand humanity while in the exact or natural sciences, researchers seek to understand nature. In the applied sciences these theories are brought to practical use. To fully understand the world a multidisciplinary view is required, no one science can provide us with a full understanding.
This is also the case in the specialist research regarding the science of magic. Researchers from a wide range of disciplines view magic shows in many different ways, each seeking to understand this quaint performance art in their own perspectives. View the The Science of Magic slide show below for an overview.
For an overview of the different answers scientists have provided to these questions, read the online annotated bibliography.